In the name of Allah most gracious most merciful
Assalaamualaikum wa rahmatuallahi wa barakatahu
Punishment In Grave Via Quran !
This paper gives execessive details of punishment in grave.State in barzakh-barrier.
3:169 Think not of those who are slain in Allah's way as dead. Nay they live finding their sustenance in the presence of their Lord.
Living but this living is such that they’ll be raised on judgement day,so Allah subhanawatala is aware he says & to him is clear the defination of all things.This is prior to the judgement day .Sustenance is granted to the martyr .When there is reward after death & before judgement day then their has to be punishment for wrongdoers before judgement day.This is logical .
For example-The below verses explains twice deaths & twice lives.
2:28 How can ye reject the faith in Allah? Seeing that ye were without life and He gave you life; then will He cause you to die and will again bring you to life; and again to Him will ye return.
22:66 It is He Who gave you life will cause you to die and will again give you life: truly man is a most ungrateful creature!
40:11 They will say:" Our Lord! twice hast Thou made us without life and twice hast Thou given us Life! Now have we recognized our sins: is there any way out (of this)?"
so its Death,then life,then death then live.
7:172 When thy Lord drew forth from the children of Adam from their loins their descendants and made them testify concerning themselves (saying): "Am I not your Lord (who cherishes and sustains you)?" They said: "Yea! we do testify!" (This) lest ye should say on the Day of Judgment: "of this we were never mindful."
Al-Tirmidhi HadithHadith 121 Narrated byAbdullah ibn Abbas
Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) said: Allah made covenant (with the whole of mankind) while creating it from Adam's back in Na'man i.e. Arafah and emitting from his loins all his offspring that He created and scattering them before Him like ant. He then spoke to them in their presence and said: `Am I not your Lord? They answered: Yes, we do bear witness thereto (of this We remind you) lest you say on the Day of Resurrection: Verily, we were unaware of this. Or lest you say: Verily, these were our forefathers in times gone by, who began to ascribe divinity to other things besides Allah and we were but their late offspring. Wilt Thou then destroy us for doings of those inventors of falsehood.' (7:172-173)
Transmitted by Ahmad.
In the above verse they testified when they were in the state of death.The death before life .So one can actually be conscious in state of death.
Judgement before the judgement day is not actually the abosolute judgement but a preliminary state of punishment before actually entering hell.Just as the pious get the blessings prior to the judgement day [before entering the heaven].this blessing is preliminary state of blessing .This is in grave.
3:170 They rejoice in the bounty provided by Allah: and with regard to those left behind who have not yet joined them (in their bliss) the (martyrs) glory in the fact that on them is no fear nor have they (cause to) grieve. [*Note:These are the martyrs who rejoice]
171 They glory in the Grace and the Bounty from Allah and in the fact that Allah suffereth not the reward of the faithful to be lost (in the least).
YUSUFALI: They rejoice in the bounty provided by Allah: And with regard to those left behind, who have not yet joined them (in their bliss), the (Martyrs) glory in the fact that on them is no fear, nor have they (cause to) grieve.
PICKTHAL: Jubilant (are they) because of that which Allah hath bestowed upon them of His bounty, rejoicing for the sake of those who have not joined them but are left behind: That there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
SHAKIR: Rejoicing in what Allah has given them out of His grace and they rejoice for the sake of those who, (being left) behind them, have not yet joined them, that they shall have no fear, nor shall they grieve.
47:26 This because they said to those who hate what Allah has revealed "We will obey you in part of (this) matter"; but Allah knows their (inner) secrets.
27 But how (will it be) when the angels take their souls at death and smite their faces and their backs? *Note:This is actually done while taking souls,at the time of death.
28 This because they followed that which called forth the Wrath of Allah and they hated Allah's good pleasure; so He made their deeds of no effect.
YUSUFALI: (In Falsehood will they be) Until, when death comes to one of them, he says: "O my Lord! send me back (to life),- [This is after death]
PICKTHAL: Until, when death cometh unto one of them, he saith: My Lord! Send me back, [Death has actually overtaken]
SHAKIR: Until when death overtakes one of them, he says: Send me back, my Lord, send me back; [the deceased says : send me back,after entering into another state ,it’s the wish to return & a plea in the state of death.
36:51 The trumpet shall be sounded when behold! from the sepulchers (men) will rush forth to their Lord! [even if they were dust they’ll get back their bodies & rush to lord].
52 They will say: "Ah! woe unto us! Who hath raised us up from our beds of repose? (A voice will say:) "This is what (Allah) Most Gracious had promised and true was the word of the apostles!"[*note:Raised from sleep,while living humans sleep,they experience pain,grief,happiness & many emotions in dreams ,well in sleep the soul is away from body ,even after that one can feel ,then one can certainly feel when soul is present in the state of death & also the body.
So in death which is a state in barrier,humans can experience blessings as well as sufferings,for example,if a person had a worst dream & is suddenly woken up to see something more terrible than that dream ,which is noise of trumpet [of judgement day] tehn certainly he/she might not remember for time being the torture suffered in grave.
39:42 It is Allah that takes the souls (of men) at death: and those that die not (He takes) during their sleep: those on whom He has passed the decree of death He keeps back (from returning to life) but the rest He sends (to their bodies) for a term appointed. Verily in this are Signs for those who reflect.
*[Note: sleeping is also half death.Allah subhanawatala knows how he punishes even after bodies become mere dust,for he is the knower of all.
17:They will ask thee concerning the Spirit. Say: The Spirit is by command of my Lord, and of knowledge ye have been vouchsafed but little.
*Note: what Allah subhanawatala does with the spirit[soul] in detail is knows to him.How one is blessed is also known to him,how one suffers is also known to him whether there is skin or not .
37:16 "What! when we die and become dust and bones shall we (then) be raised up (again)?
17 "And also our fathers of old?"
18 Say thou: "Yea and ye shall then be humiliated (on account of your evil)[*They are humiliated then & there].
19 Then it will be a single (compelling) cry; and behold they will begin to see!
20 They will say "Ah! woe to us! This is the Day of Judgement!"
21 (A voice will say) "This is the Day of Sorting Out whose truth ye (once) denied!"
YUSUFALI: Say thou: "Yea, and ye shall then be humiliated (on account of your evil)."
PICKTHAL: Say (O Muhammad): Ye, in truth; and ye will be brought low. [*Note:brought low before judgement day ,it’s a a state where in one is conscious of one situation. SHAKIR: Say: Aye! and you shall be abject. [Abjection means degradation-in webster’s dictionary]
54:7 They will come forth their eyes humbled from (their) graves (torpid) like locusts scattered abroad [even if humans donated their body parts or organs or eaten up by animals ,even so they’ll come in one piece.
10:34 Say: "Of your `partners' can any originate creation and repeat it?" Say: "It is Allah Who originates Creation and repeats it: then how are ye deluded away (from the truth)?"
102:1 The mutual rivalry for piling up (the good things of this world) diverts you (from the more serious things)
2 Until ye visit the graves. [When one does & visits his/her grave then all the truth about grave is known to the deceased]
30:52 So verily thou canst not make the dead to hear nor canst thou make the deaf to hear the call when they show their backs and turn away.
*[Note:Humnas cannot make the dead to hear,but Allah subhanawatala can]
35:22 Nor are alike those that are living and those that are dead. Allah can make any that He wills to hear; but thou canst not make those to hear who are (buried) in graves
*[Note:Allah subhanawatala can make any to hear but humans cannot ,this is for those who take intermediaries thinking that the dead can talk to God & thus their wishes can be fulfilled].
82:4 And when the Graves are turned upside down
82.5 YUSUFALI: (Then) shall each soul know what it hath sent forward and (what it hath) kept back.
PICKTHAL: A soul will know what it hath sent before (it) and what left behind.
SHAKIR: Every soul shall know what it has sent before and held back.
YUSUFALI: In front of the Fire will they be brought, morning and evening: And (the sentence will be) on the Day that Judgment will be established: "Cast ye the People of Pharaoh into the severest Penalty!"
*Note:morning & evening suilts only on earth .Allah subhanawatala can do what he wills,he may give them a break from the punishment.
For example: Break in hell from punishment,but even that break for food & drink is a source of punishment.
56: :52 "Ye will surely taste of the Tree of Zaqqum.
53 "Then will ye fill your insides therewith
54 "And drink Boiling Water on top of it:
55 "Indeed ye shall drink like diseased camels raging with thirst!
56 Such will be their entertainment on the Day of Requital!
40:46 PICKTHAL: The Fire; they are exposed to it morning and evening; and on the day when the Hour upriseth (it is said): Cause Pharaoh's folk to enter the most awful doom.*Note:Expose means deprive of shelter,protection/subject to action .After that comes severest penalty which is hell punishment
SHAKIR: The fire; they shall be brought before it (every) morning and evening and on the day when the hour shall come to pass: Make Firon's people enter the severest chastisement.
40:47 Behold they will dispute with each other in the Fire! The weak ones (who followed) will say to those who had been arrogant "We but followed you: can ye then take (on yourselves) from us some share of the Fire?"
*Note:Allah subhanawatala can make anyone speak even in hell fire which is easy for him
48 Those who had been arrogant will say: "We are all in this (Fire)! Truly Allah has judged between (His) Servants!"
49 Those in the Fire will say to the Keepers of Hell: "Pray to your Lord to lighten us the Penalty for a Day (at least)!"
50 They will say: "Did there not come to you your apostles with Clear Signs?" They will say "Yes." They will reply "Then pray (as ye like) but the Prayer of those without Faith is nothing but (futile wandering) in (mazes of) error!"
YUSUFALI: Allah will establish in strength those who believe, with the word that stands firm, in this world and in the Hereafter; but Allah will leave, to stray, those who do wrong: Allah doeth what He willeth.
PICKTHAL: Allah confirmeth those who believe by a firm saying in the life of the world and in the Hereafter, and Allah sendeth wrong-doers astray. And Allah doeth what He will.
SHAKIR: Allah confirms those who believe with the sure word in this world's life and in the hereafter, and Allah causes the unjust to go astray, and Allah does what He pleases.
- One may die at Adam alai salaam’s time & the other may die close to Qiyamah day
23:62 On no soul do We place a burden greater than it can bear: before Us is a record which clearly shows the truth: they will never be wronged.
Allah subhanawatala is the wisest indeed.It is as if one may ask why does those people who died earlier have to wait for the latter people to die,to go to through the judgement day & then enter their proper abodes.Why to wait for the latter ones or the latter ones may say why to remain in dead state for so long time & then be born & then die.The proper answer is ,Allah is the wisest,the best to judge.Every one gets what they are destined to.
41:46 Whoever works righteousness benefits his own soul; whoever works evil it is against his own soul: nor is thy Lord ever unjust (in the least) to His servants.
YUSUFALI: When the Blazing Fire is kindled to fierce heat;[This is self explanatory]
PICKTHAL: And when hell is lighted,[lighted means to attack forcefully]
SHAKIR: And when the hell is kindled up,[hell is a place of punishment where everthing is active so kindle to arouse or stir up(agitate).
About the people of the cave who slept for years,they slept,they did not die. It was a sign for people to understand.
18;19Such (being their state) We raised them up (from sleep) that they might question each other. Said one of them "How long have ye stayed (here)?" They said "We have stayed (perhaps) a day or part of a day." (At length) they (all) said "Allah (alone) knows best how long ye have stayed here...Now send ye then one of you with this money of yours to the town: let him find out which is the best food (to be had) and bring some to you that (ye may) satisfy hunger herewith: and let him behave with care and courtesy and let him not inform anyone about you.
This man died but but it was a sign ,he did’nt completed his life duration so he lived again [got back his life].
2:259 Or (take) the similitude of one who passed by a hamlet all in ruins to its roofs. He said: "Oh! how shall Allah bring it (ever) to life after (this) its death?" But Allah caused him to die for a hundred years then raised him up (again). He said: "How long didst thou tarry (thus)?" He said: "(perhaps) a day or part of a day." He said: "Nay thou hast tarried thus a hundred years; but look at thy food and thy drink; they show no signs of age; and look at thy donkey: and that We may make of thee a Sign unto the people lookfurther at the bones how We bring them together and clothe them with flesh! When this was shown clearly to him he said: "I know that Allah hath power over all things."
6:93 Who can be more wicked than one who inventeth a lie against Allah or saith "I have received inspiration" when he hath received none or (again) who saith "I can reveal the like of what Allah hath revealed?" If thou couldst but see how the wicked (do fare) in the flood of confusion at death! the angels stretch forth their hands (saying) "Yield up your souls. This day shall ye receive your reward a penalty of shame for that ye used to tell lies against Allah and scornfully to reject of His Signs!" *Note:Receiving reward ,a penalty on the day one itself.
YUSUFALI: When angels take the souls of those who die in sin against their souls, they say: "In what (plight) Were ye?" They reply: "Weak and oppressed Were we in the earth." They say: "Was not the earth of Allah spacious enough for you to move yourselves away (From evil)?" Such men will find their abode in Hell,- What an evil refuge! - *This conversation is done with the dead & such men will find their abode in hell is a statement given in gererality,the statement is for the living,the living are informed about their penalty if they continue to be evil.
PICKTHAL: Lo! as for those whom the angels take (in death) while they wrong themselves, (the angels) will ask: In what were ye engaged? They will say: We were oppressed in the land. (The angels) will say: Was not Allah's earth spacious that ye could have migrated therein? As for such, their habitation will be hell, an evil journey's end;
SHAKIR: Surely (as for) those whom the angels cause to die while they are unjust to their souls, they shall say: In what state were you? They shall say: We were weak in the earth. They shall say: Was not Allah's earth spacious, so that you should have migrated therein? So these it is whose abode is hell, and it is an evil resort
*Note:The above verses are self explanatory.
The barzakh is not part of life[the body is not recreated]but it’s the perid of consciousness/subconsciousness..whether the body of the deseased is available or not.
A judgement prior to the hearing in court because the angels who write our deeds passed the report cards & Allah subhanawatala appoints the punishment accordingly by angels.
36:25 "For me I have faith in the Lord of you (all): listen then to me!"
26 It was said: "Enter thou the Garden." He said "Ah me! would that my People knew (what I know)!
He was martyred & was told to enter the heaven,not the literal heaven but the heaven the dead deserves,for the actual heaven is after the judgement day.
27 "For that my Lord has granted me Forgiveness and has enrolled me among those held in honor!"
Messengers have surely passed away from the lining wolrd but are present in the dead world.
52:46 The Day when their plotting will avail them nothing and no help shall be Given them.[Their plotting in present life will avail them no profit on the judgement day]
47 And verily for those who do wrong there is another punishment besides this: but most of them understand not.[Punishment in grave]
32:Yusuf Ali And indeed We will make them taste of the Penalty of this (life) prior to the supreme Penalty in order that they may (repent and) return.
Pickthall And verily We make them taste the lower punishment before the greater, that haply they may return.[This is the worldly punishment]
9:101 Yusuf Ali Certain of the desert Arabs round about you are hypocrites as well as (desert Arabs) among the Medina folk: they are obstinate in hypocrisy: thou knowest them not: We know them: twice shall We punish them and in addition shall they be sent to a grievous penalty. [well,among the pious their were impious who will be punished while living & after death & in hereafter]
Pickthall And among those around you of the wandering Arabs there are hypocrites, and among the townspeople of Al-Madinah ( there are some who) persist in hypocrisy whom thou (O Muhammad) knowest not. We, We know them, and We shall chastise them twice; then they will be relegated to a painful doom.
Sahih Muslim HadithHadith 6860 Narrated byAnas ibn Malik
Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) said: If you were not (to abandon) the burying of the dead (in the grave), I would have certainly supplicated Allah that He should make you listen the torment of the grave.
Sahih Muslim HadithHadith 1212 Narrated byAisha
The Prophet (peace be upon him) entered my house when a Jewess was with me and she was saying: Do you know that you would be put to trial in the grave? The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) trembled (on hearing this) and said: It is the Jews only who would be put to trial. Aisha said: We passed some nights and then the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Do you know that it has been revealed to me: "You would be put to trial in the grave"? Aisha said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) seeking refuge from the torment of the grave after this.[Note:There are many hadith on grave subject more than 50]
Sahih Muslim HadithHadith 1224 Narrated byAbuHurayrah
The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) used to seek refuge from the torment of the grave, torment of Hell and the trial of Dajjal.
23:68 Do they not ponder over the Word (of Allah) or has anything (new) come to them that did not come to their fathers of old?
Barzakh means barrier…barrier between life on earth & life after judgement day.The existence which is between both lives is death.The state of death.
Allah knows best.